HomeLocal NewsWhat CPS Can And Cannot Do In Michigan: Their Powers & Limitations 

What CPS Can And Cannot Do In Michigan: Their Powers & Limitations 

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Child Protective Services (CPS) plays a vital role in safeguarding the well-being of children in Michigan. 

As a government agency, CPS is responsible for investigating allegations of child abuse or neglect and taking appropriate action to ensure the safety and welfare of at-risk children. 

However, it is essential to understand what CPS can and cannot do within the boundaries of Michigan law. 

Familiarizing ourselves with these limitations can better advocate for the rights of our families and promote a fair and effective child protection system. 

We’ll look at the functions and limits of CPS in Michigan and shed light on their responsibilities and the legal framework that guides their actions.

What Is CPS And What’s Their Role

Child Protective Services (CPS) is a government agency responsible for ensuring the safety and well-being of children. 

Their role is to investigate child abuse or neglect reports and take appropriate action to protect the child from harm. 

CPS operates at the state level, and its main objective is to ensure that children live in safe and nurturing environments. The primary role of CPS is to respond to reports of child abuse or neglect. 

These reports can come from various sources, such as concerned neighbors, teachers, or healthcare professionals. 

Once a report is received, CPS initiates an investigation to determine the allegations’ validity and assess the child’s safety.

During the investigation, CPS caseworkers will gather information from multiple sources, including interviews with the child, parents or guardians, and other individuals involved in the child’s life. 

They can also collaborate with law enforcement agencies, medical professionals, and educators to gather relevant information. They will do this to accurately assess the situation and determine if there is evidence of abuse or neglect.

If CPS determines that a child is in immediate danger or at risk of serious harm, they have the authority to remove the child from their home and place them in temporary protective custody.

In some cases, CPS may work with the family to develop a safety plan that allows the child to remain at home while receiving necessary support services.

Once an investigation is completed, CPS determines the validity of the allegations. They will take appropriate action to protect the child if they find evidence of abuse. 

This can involve providing services and support to the family, such as counseling or parenting classes, or initiating legal proceedings to remove the child from an unsafe environment.

Many people tend not to understand that CPS’s role is not solely punitive. While their primary responsibility is to protect children from harm, they aim to support families and help them overcome challenges that may contribute to abuse or neglect. 

What CPS Can Legally Do

As an agency dedicated to safeguarding the welfare of children, CPS has specific rights and responsibilities. Here is what CPS can do in Michigan.  

  1. Investigate Reports – CPS has the authority to investigate all reports of suspected child abuse, even if they are ultimately found to be false. 

The duty of mandated reporters, such as doctors, lawyers, and therapists, is to report any suspicions of child abuse. 

Failure to do so can result in legal consequences for neglecting to share vital information. While CPS must investigate every substantial report, not all reports meet the criteria for further investigation. 

The agency carefully assesses the significance of each report to ensure resources are utilized efficiently.  

  1. Terminating Parental Rights – While a lengthy and complex process, CPS can initiate legal proceedings to terminate parental rights. 

This extreme measure is pursued when it is determined that the child’s safety and well-being cannot be adequately ensured within the family environment.  

  1. Meet with Children With Your Permission – Child Protection Service workers have the right to meet with children without parental permission and the presence of parents or guardians. 

This practice allows CPS to gather information directly from the child. Speaking with the child without the parent nearby prevents potential coercion or intimidation.  

  1. Connecting Families with Resources – CPS strives to connect families with valuable resources that can benefit them. In some cases, they may even provide financial assistance to needy families.  
  1. Caution in Communication – It is crucial to exercise caution when communicating with CPS, as anything said can be used against parents in legal proceedings. 

As a parent, you should be mindful of the information you provide. Seek legal counsel, if necessary, to protect your rights and interests.  

  1. Remove Your Child From Home – Under specific circumstances, the agency can legally remove children from their homes to ensure their safety. 

This requires either a court order or clear evidence of imminent danger, such as physical harm, neglect, exposure to firearms, or sexual conduct. 

  1. Demand Compliance with Plans – CPS may require parents to follow a safety or service plan to ensure the child’s well-being. 

Although these plans are not typically court-ordered, non-compliance can be reported to the court, potentially impacting the parent’s case. 

That’s why it’s important for parents to actively engage and cooperate with CPS during this process.  

  1. Visit Your Home Unannounced – CPS can show up at your home without prior notice to assess your child’s living conditions and safety.
  1. Deny Your Preferred Placement – CPS can deny your request for a specific placement for your child, such as with a relative or close family friend.
  1. Limit Visitation & Request Supervision During Visitation – CPS can limit and supervise visitation between you and your child to ensure their safety and welfare. And if visitation is allowed, they can push for supervision.
  1. Allow Adoption Petitions by Qualified Individuals – CPS can guarantee that a specific qualified person is allowed to petition for your child’s adoption.
  1. Mention Non-Compliance with Individualized Service Plan in Court – CPS can bring up that you are not following your Individualized Service Plan during your reviews.

What CPS Cannot Legally Do

There are certain actions that CPS is not authorized to take. These include:

  1. CPS cannot actively support or champion your parental rights to ensure your voice is heard and your interests are represented in the decision-making process concerning your child’s welfare. 
  1. Without a court order or urgent circumstances, CPS does not possess the authority to enter your home forcibly or interview your child. 
  1. Guarantee that the initial placement of your child will remain unchanged throughout the entire process. Placement decisions are subject to periodic reviews and assessments.
  1. While CPS strives to provide appropriate placements for children, they cannot guarantee the immediate availability of a suitable placement for your child at the outset. 
  1. Guarantee that your child will be placed in the same county where you reside. Placement decisions are based on the child’s best interests, which may involve considering various factors, such as the availability of resources and services in different areas.
  1. CPS is generally prohibited from disclosing the identity of the person who reported a suspected abuse or neglect case.
  1. Guarantee that the individuals currently caring for your children will automatically be granted the right to adopt them if you relinquish your parental rights. 

Adoption decisions involve a careful evaluation of the best interests of the child, considering various factors such as the prospective adoptive parents’ suitability and the child’s long-term welfare.

  1. CPS does not have the authority to unilaterally deny visitation between you and your child without a court order or urgent circumstances. 

Parent-child visitation is essential for maintaining and nurturing the parent-child bond unless there are compelling reasons to restrict or suspend visitation supported by legal processes.

  1. CPS cannot force you to undergo a drug test without legal authorization. Drug testing may only be requested and conducted as part of a formal investigation or court proceeding, with appropriate legal procedures and justifications in place.
  1. CPS cannot compel you to comply with an Individualized Service Plan (ISP) without your voluntary agreement or court order. An ISP is typically developed collaboratively to address concerns or issues related to the child’s well-being and family dynamics. 


If you have read up to this point, you know what CPS can and cannot do in Michigan. Understanding the capabilities and limitations of the Child Protective Services (CPS) in Michigan is important for anyone facing child welfare issues.

CPS plays a vital role in safeguarding the welfare of children, intervening in cases of abuse or neglect, and providing support to at-risk families. 

However, it’s essential to recognize what CPS cannot do. They cannot guarantee a perfect solution to every situation, nor can they entirely replace the role of parents or caregivers. 

The system may sometimes face challenges in balancing child protection with family preservation.

Jason Cooper
Jason Cooper
Jason Cooper is a dedicated news blogger with a zeal for storytelling. Enthusiastically covering current events, he constantly seeks fresh angles and innovative ways to refine his craft and engage his readers.


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